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  • Writer's pictureSheen Dental

Gum disease – types and symptoms

Chances are that you have experienced gum disease at some point in your life. This very common oral infection comes in different forms and affects many people around the world. Luckily, gum disease can be diagnosed and treated at an early stage.

At Sheen Dental, we can reverse gum disease if it’s diagnosed in its earliest stages. However, as it progresses, treatment becomes crucial. Your dentist in Richmond can identify gum disease at an early stage and help you overcome it without the need to undertake complex and expensive treatments.

Different types of gum disease

Did you know that there are many types of gum disease? Many people are familiar with gingivitis (early-stage gum disease), which develops when plaque accumulates over your teeth and gums over a period of time. Gingivitis is caused by poor oral hygiene and can lead to red, swollen, puffy and bleeding gums. By seeking the help of your dentist in Richmond, you can reverse gingivitis and restore your oral health.

Periodontitis, on the other hand, is a complicated form of gum disease. During this stage of the infection, the gums are already infected severely. If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to jawbone deterioration and tooth loss. Symptoms of periodontitis include but are not limited to bad breath, receding gums and infected tissues. Periodontitis can be treated with deep root cleanings, antibiotics or surgery.

Aggressive periodontitis is a special form of periodontitis that progresses very quickly as its name suggests. Diagnosing this condition as soon as possible is really important.

Chronic periodontitis is another type of periodontitis that affects patients over a prolonged period of time – sometimes even years. Chronic periodontitis may be related to other health condition such as diabetes and heart disease and is characterised by gum recession and deep pockets in-between the gums.

Last but not least, there is another type of periodontitis known as necrotising periodontal disease. This condition affects mostly people whose immune system is very weak (HIV patients, for example) and can lead to the deterioration of their gum tissue.

If you want to learn more about the different types of gum disease, book an appointment with a dentist in Richmond today.


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