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Why is dental hygiene important?

Oral microbes

Our oral cavity is home to an impressively diverse number of microbial species, which make up our oral microbiome. Some of these species are beneficial, while some of them less so. Certain ones feed on the sugar that is left in our mouth following a meal, and they use this sugar to create their own energy and essential metabolites. The end products are organic acids, which can be damaging to the enamel and the dentin. It is important to maintain good oral hygiene and limit the presence of acid producing species by consuming a diet low in simple sugars. You can maintain good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth thoroughly after every meal, or at least twice a day using a fluoride toothpaste. The use of dental floss and antibacterial mouthwashes is also important in keeping your teeth as plaque free as possible. If you would like a hygienist in Richmond to provide you with advice on oral hygiene, contact us, Sheen Dental and book an appointment today!


Tooth decay and its consequences


As it was mentioned above, oral microbes that produce acids can damage the enamel and eventually the dentin as well through entering into an acid-base reaction with the calcium phosphate of our teeth and slowly dissolving the mineral content. Our saliva constantly replenishes the minerals in our teeth, however in case of poor oral hygiene and a sugar-rich diet, the resulting microbial overgrowth and increased acid production can “outcompete” the saliva’s mineral replenishing capacities. This can result in the damage of the enamel and eventually the underlying dentin as well, leading to the formation of cavities. If you notice cavities, make sure you get treatment for them as soon as possible, as untreated tooth decay can have very severe consequences, such as dental abscesses or even tooth loss. Dental abscesses have even caused deaths in the past due to the abscess rupturing and inducing a septic shock. If you would like a dental hygienist in Richmond to clean the plaque off your teeth and provide you with useful dental hygiene related advice, then get in touch with us, Sheen Dental for an appointment!


Dental plaque, calculus and gum disease


Dental plaque is the formation of a biofilm composed of many different microbial species in your mouth. In some cases it also contains fungi. Initially, dental plaque is a white or colourless material, however it turns yellowish or brown when it forms calculus. Calculus is a hard, calcified form of dental plaque. This form of plaque can only be removed through professional cleaning, as unfortunately tooth brushing does not work against it. The accumulation of dental plaque and calculus can have negative consequences, such as the acceleration of tooth decay and it can also induce gum disease. The early form of gum disease, gingivitis is treatable, however periodontitis, the more advanced form often causes lasting damage, which might lead to tooth loss. If you would like a dental hygienist in Richmond to provide you with treatment that can help prevent later conditions, book an appointment with us, Sheen Dental today!